Khudiram Bose, whose fearless spirit is still talked about, was one of the youngest revolutionaries during the Indian independence movement. Arrested for trying to assassinate a British judge, Douglas Kingsford, he was executed on August 11, 1908, in Muzaffarpur jail in Bihar. Bose and his colleague Prafulla Chaki wanted to kill the judge, because in those days people saw his judgments as biased, harsh, and unjust against Indian nationalists. They targeted the judge’s vehicle with a bomb but he was not in it and two others died in the attack. Bose was arrested and sentenced to death at the age of 18. Chaki killed himself before police could arrest him.
Early life and influence
Bose was born on December 3, 1889, in Midnapore district of West Bengal. He was the youngest of four siblings. He lost his parents early and was raised by his eldest sister. He showed an inclination towards revolutionary activities after getting inspired by the public lectures of Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita in Midnapore in the early 1900s.
When Bengal was partitioned in 1905, he participated in several protests against the British. At the age of 15, he would know how to make bombs and plant them near police stations. Around the same time, he was first arrested for distributing literature against the colonial rulers.
The historic trial
A decisive moment came in the life of Bose in 1908. He and Chaki were given the task of killing Judge Kingsford, who was transferred to Muzaffarpur from Bengal. In Bengal, his judgments against Indian freedom fighters had earned him the ire of the nationalists. There had been multiple attempts to assassinate the judge but he survived. Initially, Bose, Chaki, and others had thought of targeting him with a bomb inside the courtroom, but that plan was abandoned to avoid injuries to civilians.
Then it was finally agreed that the judge would be targeted when he is alone or outside the court. On April 30, 1908, Bose hurled a bomb on a vehicle he suspected was carrying the judge but he was not in it. Two women travelling in it were killed.
A huge crowd had gathered at the Muzaffarpur police station to see Bose, who was brought there in handcuffs. The trial began on May 21, 1908, during which Bose’s lawyer said his client was too young to be able to make bombs. However, there was evidence against him. On July 13 that year, Bose was sentenced to death. When he was hanged, newspaper reports said he went to the gallows with a smile and carried the Bhagavad Gita.
Tweets paying tributes
My tributes to one of the youngest martyrs of our freedom struggle, the valiant Khudiram Bose on his birth anniversary. The revolutionary spirit, courage & sacrifice of #KhudiramBose for the cause of our motherland will always be remembered & inspire many generations to come. pic.twitter.com/P9TbOOqa2l
— Vice President of India (@VPSecretariat) August 11, 2021
Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri lauded Bose, saying that “he stood up for the cause of freedom and sacrificed his life at the age of just 18 years”.
Remembering one of India’s youngest martyrs & revolutionary freedom fighters Shri Khudiram Bose Ji on the anniversary of his martyrdom. He stood up for the cause of freedom & sacrificed his life at the age of just 18 years on this day in 1908.
Vande Mataram! pic.twitter.com/WQSx7ja2qU
— Hardeep Singh Puri (@HardeepSPuri) August 11, 2021
Here are more tweets paying tributes to the freedom fighter:
A Hero to be remembered whose sacrifice gave further impetus to revolutionary movement.
— Shobha Karandlaje (@ShobhaBJP) August 11, 2021
Bowing down to pay my humble tribute to Sh. #khudirambose on his death anniversary. At the age of 18 he sacrificed his life for the nation, making him the youngest martyr of the Indian Independence Movement.
May we all inculcate such fearless spirit for our nation. pic.twitter.com/nXMigUa0yJ
— Ripun Bora (@ripunbora) August 11, 2021
Khudiram Bose was the youngest revolutionary freedom fighter who was executed on August 11, 1908.
Salute to him on the death anniversary of India’s brave son.#khudirambose
— Saptarshi Sarkar সপ্তর্ষি সরকার (@Saptarshisrkr) August 11, 2021
On his death anniversary, I pay homage to freedom fighter Khudiram Bose.
A courageous patriot, he sacrificed his life for the cause of Indian independence at a very young age.
We proudly salute his courage and nationalism! pic.twitter.com/vpnY3rpPs3
— Mansukh Mandaviya (@mansukhmandviya) August 11, 2021
Humble homage to the great revolutionary and one of the youngest martyrs of our nation Khudiram Bose on his death anniversary.
— Gaikhangam (@Gaikhangam2) August 11, 2021
My humble tribute to one of the youngest martyrs of India’s independence struggle, Sh Khudiram Bose Ji, on the anniversary of his martyrdom.
At just 18 years of age, he gave the ultimate sacrifice for the nation! pic.twitter.com/5IoXk0q2gE
— Dr Harsh Vardhan (@drharshvardhan) August 11, 2021
Tributes to great revolutionary & one of the youngest martyrs of our freedom struggle, #KhudiramBose Ji on his punyatithi. He will always be remembered for his selfless sacrifice for the independence of the nation.@PandaJaypic.twitter.com/HW6HJ68vxO
— Office of Jay Panda (@mp_office) August 11, 2021
Bow down to the courage and fearless spirit of one of the youngest revolutionary and martyr of Indian independence movement, the valiant son of mother India, Khudiram Bose on his death anniversary. His daring defiance of the colonial powers is an inspiration for all. pic.twitter.com/PKc5uq67uX
— Dharmendra Pradhan (@dpradhanbjp) August 11, 2021
Tribute to Khudiram Bose on the anniversary of his martyrdom. His bravery, commitment and sacrifice will continue to inspire future generations. pic.twitter.com/htCDqz88vq
— Dilip Saikia (@DilipSaikia4Bjp) August 11, 2021
The fact that he was hanged at the age of 18 made Bose one of the youngest freedom fighters of India who sacrificed his life for the nation.